Rwanda, often referred to as the “Land of a Thousand Hills,” is recognized for its beautiful and varied landscape. Situated in the heart of East Africa, the country shares borders with Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. After the devastating genocide in 1994, Rwanda has made significant strides in recovery and development, undergoing substantial political, social, and economic transformations. Its remarkable success in rebuilding sets an inspiring example for other nations worldwide.
Cannabis Legislation in Rwanda
In 2021, Rwanda legalized cannabis for medical use, following the Minister of Health’s 2010 proposal to legalize medical cannabis. However, the use of cannabis for recreational purposes remains strictly forbidden. Compared to other African countries, cannabis has a limited history of traditional use in Rwanda.
Although recreational cannabis is illegal, an illicit market persists in the country, involving the illegal cultivation, distribution, and consumption of cannabis. This challenge to law enforcement efforts and control measures enables the black market to continue operating.
Commercial Cannabis Cultivation in Rwanda
Rwanda’s government issued licenses for commercial cannabis cultivation targeting the export market in 2021. The government allocated 134 hectares of land specifically for cannabis cultivation and implemented stringent measures to prevent the export of this cannabis from entering the local market.
Home Cultivation of Cannabis in Rwanda
Home cultivation of cannabis, whether for personal or recreational use, is illegal in Rwanda. Strict prohibition of cannabis cultivation results in legal penalties for individuals found participating in such activities.